Dana Goldstein, author of The Teacher Wars: A History of America’s Most Embattled Profession, spoke to Fresh Air about how teachers have become both “resented and idealized” over 200 years of history.
In the interview Goldstein explains how teaching became a woman’s profession:
"A lot of people are surprised to learn that back in 1800, 90 percent of American teachers were actually male. Today we know that actually 76 percent of [them are] female, so how did this huge flip happen?
The answer is that as school reformers began to realize in the 1820s that schooling should be compulsory — that parents should be forced to send their kids to school, and public education should be universal — they had to come up with a way to do this basically in an affordable manner, because raising taxes was just about as unpopular back then as it is now. So what we see is this alliance between politicians and education reformers in the early 19th century to redefine teaching as a female profession.
They do this in a couple ways: First, they argue that women are more moral in a Christian sense than men. They depict men as alcoholic, intemperate, lash-wielding, horrible teachers who are abusive to children. They make this argument that women can do a better job because they’re more naturally suited to spend time with kids, on a biological level. Then they are also quite explicit about the fact that [they] can pay women about 50 percent as much — and this is going to be a great thing for the taxpayer.”
"This petition is for signature gathering, BWS~Lex needs 3,000 plus signatures in order to start a credit union for the underprivileged and under-serve inner-city of Lexington, KY. Credit Unions are not like regular banks that are For Profit Business. Credit Unions are Non-for Profit business which allows it to better serve the community-at large by offering lower interest rates and lower credit score approval for loans. Also, Credit Union helps the community benefit from using group economics. As well as allowing the people who may not be able to get a checking account or saving account at a regular bank be able to do so at a credit union.
Through group economics we can spiral our way collectively out of poverty. Another goal of BWS ~ credit union will stop the capital drain that is happening in our community-at large leaving our communities looking ran down and deserted. By using the method of Triangulation by keeping the monies in the community for which it serves.”
They just need 3,000 signatures to make this happen!
Boost the fuck out of this
East Point Police Department in Georgia has a very clear policy against tasers being used to “escort or prod” suspects or being used on handcuffed suspects, and this case is a very clear example of why.
A lawsuit has been filed on behalf of the family, including the 7 month old son, of 24 year old Gregory Towns, who died after being tased 13 times in 29 minutes. Two officers repeatedly shocked this man’s body for a total of 47 seconds… while unarmed and handcuffed.
Police found Towns sitting down and out of breath after a short foot chase. He asked officers at least ten times to be allowed to rest before going with them, according to AJC. The cops then decided to use their weapons as a cattle prod to force the weak man to walk, instead of just letting him catch his breath.
The autopsy ruled the death a homicide, as Towns died in a shallow creek where several of the shocks took place.
Officer Eberhart has been terminated while Weems resigned to avoid it.
Lawyers for the family say police are trying to cover up how many times they used their tasers. Only six taser shocks were logged on their police reports despite taser logs which indicate that Sgt. Marcus Eberhart fired his Taser 10 times, and officer Howard Weems fired three times.
The Police Benevolent Association, who recently gave a reprehensible press conference supporting officers involved in Eric Garner’s chokehold murder are, of course, representing one of the officers.
According to Amnesty International, between 2001 and 2008, 351 people in the United States died from being shocked by police tasers. Electronic Villiage has documented another 212 taser-related deaths in the United States from 2009-2014. That means there have been at least 563 documented taser-related deaths in America since 2001. You can view the list here.
While we often ask “why didn’t that cop use a taser instead of his gun?”, it is important to remember that while a person is less likely to die from a taser shock than a gun shot, they are still a weapon, and still often unnecessary and lethal.